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ʱ䣺2024-04-20 16:34:05

ʾ ʵۡëѧ˼Ҫ׼ǵķγ˾йɫ˼йѧۻĿǰʵѧѾΪ˼ѧоҪ֮һˣҹ...
ʵۡëѧ˼Ҫ׼ǵķγ˾йɫ˼йѧۻĿǰʵѧѾΪ˼ѧоҪ֮һˣҹѧǶȳȷë󶫡ʵۡйѧļ̳봴·չҪ塣
һë󶫡ʵۡ
ʵۡëԵڵĽ塢Ĵ˼н¶ждġʵۡд1937꣬ʵĹ۵ΪʵʶʵͳһʵԼʵʶеҪãΪʵʵʶԴ뷢չĶ[1]
ʵۡһḻ˼ʶۣҹѧʷϵ֪йϵ⣬ҪйҪÿѧʶװԼǿ˼йʵʵĽϣʹҵʵǵ˼·ѧĻ
ë󶫡ʵۡйѧļ̳뷢չ

ë󶫵ʵʶ֪йϵչģë󶫽Լı֤ΨʶΪʵ֪ۡеĹϵ֤Ψ֪й۵ͬڱ֤Ψʶۡ[2]
ë󶫵ʵ֮ԱȽ֪йϵҪܵͳӰ죬֪йϵҲʶʵĹϵһֱѧʶ̽Ҫ⡣ѧ˱Լʶ۵⣬ʶҲ֪Լ֪еĹϵ⣬˼֮ǰϵ֪һֱڳIJϽֵ̽ģҲ˼άڵĹϵʹðѳʶʵ֪йϵϡ
йѧѧʶһIJ죬ҹѧչʷϻûѧIJ֪ߣʹׯҲֻ֪벻֪֪С֪IJ⡣ҹѧк۳˼ά⣬ע֪⣬Ӵ֪йϵͳΪȽձѧ⡣ᳫΪģҪ֪С[3]ǿԲͬµ֪йϵоĶԴͻˡСҪԡ֪֮е˵ѧ֪йϵѧֵ̽⣬Ҫ֪̽еȺ⡣
ͳ֪йϵ۸ëע֪дһӰ죬ʵҲ֤ܵΨʶ۵Ӱ졣ë󶫵ѧеʶ۾ʶʵ֮Ĺϵë󶫵ʵԼʶʵ֮Ĺϵʹ˼Ψʷ۵õ˽һʵ˳󵽾ת䡣
2ǿʵ
ë֪йϵΪʵ۵⣬ǿʵҪã֮ԶʵȽӣһܵѧԼʵӰ죬ойѧעʵԼ˼ѧա
ҹѧעʵͳҹѧע֪йϵһӰ죬ҹѧʷչ֪ռݴ뽭ɽģɽȴΪֹʮΣգǵֵ˼룬[4]֪ףϣ߳˼Ҳһ̶ϱ֪ҹѧʷռʮҪĵλѧʷķչУ֪صҲΪ۵Ľ㣬ҹѧұȽעУҲעʵëѧӰDZȽϴģΪͶйʵҪ30ë󶫵ӰĶ˺ܶ˼ѧʶʵĿġëָʵʶij㣬ѧĻ뿪ʵʶDzܵġ
ë󶫶˼ѧոһḻʹ˼ʵۣչֳʵʹǸʶ˼ۣԽ塢壬ͶйʵСë󶫵ʵҹѧעʵֲġ
3ͻʵ˵
ʵ˵ҲʶԡйѧҲע˵ԣǿʶʵеܶáҹȥ˼ʷУΪѧʷעȻȻһйѧҲDzעȻصȻԼ淢չᣬֻҹѧע֪⡣ͳѧǼȻԼһѧȻһ˼УռλģֶעȽձѧһIJ죬ͳΨѧʮ֪ãǿʶԼʵеҪá[5]
ͳѧж֪λע𲽷չΪעõʵۣë󶫵ѧʵżӰ죬ʹë󶫶˼ʵ˸̺Ͷļ⡣
4м̳йѧʶ۷
ʵۡʶʵ֮ĹϵΪ֪еĹϵʶ۸Ϊ֪ͳһۣë󶫵ʵȷʶ۵ķ϶ҹѧ̳Сʵ۶ԡСݽµĸйѧжڡСͨģǶԷ⽨е½мУط⽨µԼ֮СһЩʵݣ֮ڡСҪ̣ѧ˵ǹŴΨ֪й۵߳ɾ֮͡ġСӱҲķ룬ɽġСͻġС⣬Ψ֪йҪסʵеɽڡСʶµĸܽᡣʵŷḻݣелݡʵҪΪ׼Լѧʵ֣ġ[6]ʵĸйѧչʷϵĵһΡ µĸʹ˼ʵ۵õһ̶ȵ뷢չ˼ʵйѧеġС֮Ľ޽ȷĽ綨ȳ֮ĹϵָߴڵIJ죬ʵʶ۵Ҫλϣʵ˸Եķչ
5Ψ뾭۵֪й۵
ҹͳϵ֪йҪΨ徭֪йۡΨ֪йԼر֤Ψ֪й֡ë󶫵ʵ۶Ψ徭֪йۡΨ֪й۽˱Ƚϳ׵СΨ֪й۵㶼Ƭעظʶʶߵı֤ȷֻǼ򵥵ĿijһʶǴģ֪ʵDZ֤ĹϵʶʶǰͻʶҲд𲽷չΪʶ֪йۡΨ֪й˵ʷϵܣֻǽΪʵijˣҲʹö֪йϵʶڱȽϸԵλϣûʶϵݡ֪󲿷ָʶʶС˵ĵԷ⽨е½мУط⽨µԼûдӸʶ֪йϵ
ʵȷָйѧ֪й۵Ĵ˵ԼʷԶ˵ıʣһ۵һķչ˼ʶʵĹϵҲ֪֮Ĺϵ⡣
6м̳Ψ֪й
ʵеؼ̳Ψ֪йۣرر֤Ψ֪ͳһĹ۵бȽϿѧIJ֣ԴΪ˱֤Ψ֪ͳһ۵㡣ҹͳΨ֪й۶֪йϵעءСӡ֪ʶСʶǰͻʶĿģһ۵ͻľ֮ɽȣԶԱȽȷĴ֪йϵ⡣
֮ˡ֪󡱡пɼ֪֪˵ɽˡ֪󡱡ж֪֪ԽС֪ͳһۣЩ۵ǽСΪ֪еǰᣬһ޶֤֪еĹϵҲʶʵĹϵǿ֪ͳһDZȽϱ֤Ĺ̵ȡ[7]ʵñ֤ΨĹ۵Լйѧ۵е֪ͳһʹйѧ˸ԵķչҲٽ˼ʶ۵ķչʹõرܺʹ

֮ë󶫵ġʵۡʹ˼ʶ۵õ˽һķḻ뷢չʵʵΪ㣬ע֪йϵʹҹĴͳѧעʵĹ۵õ˼̳뷢չʹҹ֪йϵʶʵʵķԾʹйѧе֪йϵõȷʵҹѧչʷϵķᱮǶ֪йϵѧ˵ʶ⣬ҹѧʷϵıŲ

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